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Playoff action made an impact on the most recent Nike/USA Lacrosse High School Boys’ National Top 25 as well as regional rankings. McDonogh (Md.) made the biggest jump nationally up to No. 6 as the fifth seed knocked off three higher seeds on its way to winning the competitive MIAA A Conference title. The only newcomer in the Top 25 is St. Stephen’s & St. Agnes (Va.) which closed its season with an 11-10 win over Paul VI (Va.) to capture its first Virginia Independent Schools Athletic Association Division I championship since 2019.

The first champions have been crowned in the Northeast, with Brunswick School (Conn.) avenging its first loss of the year to beat Salisbury School (Conn.) and then The Lawrenceville School (N.J.) to win the inaugural Prep Nationals and St. Anthony’s (N.Y.) claiming a third straight NSCHSAA Class AAA title by beating rival Chaminade (N.Y.) in overtime. There will be more championship opportunities coming up this week, and possibly some movement among the top 10.

McDonogh led the movers in the Mid-Atlantic Region. The Eagles flipped the script from a year ago when they entered the conference playoffs unbeaten only to be upset. McDonogh played its best lacrosse at the perfect time for a three-game run to net its first MIAA A Conference crown since 2016 by knocking off a St. Mary’s squad that was strong all year. Malvern Prep won a thriller for its league title and Don Bosco began gearing up for a run in the New Jersey playoffs.

Most all of the South Region had completed play before last week. Middle Creek (N.C.) made a move up on the strength of its last-minute state championship win after it stopped a well regarded Cardinal Gibbons (N.C.) team in the semifinals.

The Midwest Region has playoff fever with team jockeying to finish at the top of their divisions. There were no changes among the top seven teams that either did not play like Culver (Ind.) or began marching toward a title like St. Ignatius (Ohio) and Upper Arlington (Ohio). St. Xavier (Ky.) capped its impressive year with a state crown to move up two spots.

The West Region still has Colorado, Utah and Oregon teams vying for title supremacy. Torrey Pines (Calif.) and St. Ignatius Prep (Calif.) won section championships to finish their years well. Arapahoe (Colo.) played its way into the region rankings and looks to make more noise if it can continue its run. 

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May 24, 2022


St. John's (D.C.)




Mount Sinai (N.Y.)




Brunswick (Conn.)




Culver Academy (Ind.)




Darien (Conn.)




McDonogh (Md.)




St. Anthony's (N.Y.)




St. Mary's (Md.)




Calvert Hall (Md.)




Boys' Latin (Md.)




Victor (N.Y.)




Shoreham-Wading River (N.Y.)




Bullis (Md.)




Cold Spring Harbor (N.Y.)




Georgetown Prep (Md.)




Malvern Prep (Pa.)




Garden City (N.Y.)




Archbishop Spalding (Md.)




Chaminade (N.Y.)




Massapequa (N.Y.)




Baldwinsville (N.Y.)




Don Bosco (N.J.)




Northport (N.Y.)




Manhasseet (N.Y.)




St. Stephen's & St. Agnes (Va.)



Also considered (alphabetical order): Episcopal (Pa.), Gonzaga (D.C.), Haverford (Pa.), Iona Prep (N.Y.), La Salle (Pa.), Landon (Md.), Loyola-Blakefield (Md.), Mountain Lakes (N.J.), Paul VI (Va.), Radnor (Pa.), Ridgefield (Conn.), Riverside (Va.), Salesianum (Del.), Seton Hall Prep (N.J.), Severn (Md.), Smithtown West (N.Y.), St. Paul's School for Boys (Md.), Staples (Conn.), Ward Melville (N.Y.)

Nike/USA Lacrosse High School Rankings
National Boys' Top 25 | National Girls' Top 25
Northeast Boys' Top 10 | Northeast Girls' Top 10
Mid-Atlantic Boys' Top 10 | Mid-Atlantic Girls' Top 10
South Boys' Top 10
| South Girls' Top 10
Midwest Boys' Top 10
| Midwest Girls' Top 10
West Boys' Top 10
| West Girls' Top 10


1. Mt. Sinai (N.Y.), 16-0

The high-flying Mustangs are now into the business end of their season as the top seed in the Suffolk Class C playoffs. Joey Spallina will chase a second straight county title and Nicky Galasso’s Long Island all-time points mark of 500 — he’s 18 away — as Mt. Sinai opens its postseason against Islip (N.Y.) in the semifinals. Previous: 1

2. Brunswick School (Conn.), 15-1

The Bruins are champions, capturing the inaugural Prep Nationals by defeating The Lawrenceville School (N.J.) on May 22, 12-6. That came after avenging their lone loss of the season, beating Salisbury School (Conn.), 11-7, in the semifinals. Chris Gaine had a huge weekend, Andrew Greenspan was solid, Tomas Delgado had a hat trick in the final and Will Donovan and Myles Spiess were dominant on the defensive end. Previous: 2

3. Darien (Conn.), 15-2

The Blue Wave cruised to a 16-3 win over Fairfield-Ludlowe (Conn.) in the FCIAC quarterfinals May 21. Joe Cesare had four goals and one assist, Matthew Minicus had four goals, Brady Pokorny had two goals and three assists, Finn Pokorny had two goals and two assists and Riley Strub potted a pair in the win. Next up is Greenwich (Conn.), which played Darien to a double-overtime thriller May 17. Previous: 3

4. St. Anthony’s (N.Y.), 14-2

Before Rutgers and Princeton booked their tickets to Championship Weekend at Shuart Stadium, St. Anthony’s celebrated another NSCHSAA Class AAA title with a 10-9 overtime win over Chaminade (N.Y.). Jackson Greene scored two goals, including the overtime winner. Jack Speidell and Owen Duffy had three goals and one assist apiece and Jack Ponzio had one goal and two assists as the Friars won their third consecutive title and their first season sweep between the rivals since 2016. Previous: 4

5. Victor (N.Y.), 16-0

Victor closed out the regular season with a 15-2 win over Webster Thomas (N.Y.), the 10th time this season the Blue Devils have given up five or fewer goals in a game. Thomas Gravino had five goals and one assist, Jack Herendeen had three goals and four assists, Sam Gotham had two goals and one assist and Pax Marshall added a pair of goals for Victor, which meets either Gates-Chili (N.Y.) or Webster Schroeder (N.Y.) in the Section V Class B quarterfinals May 25. Previous: 5

6. Shoreham-Wading River (N.Y.), 15-1

Like Mt. Sinai, which handed the Wildcats their first loss of the year on the final day of the regular season, Shoreham-Wading River has a bye into the Suffolk Class C semifinals as the No. 2 seed. They meet a dangerous Bayport-Blue Point (N.Y.) team that beat Sayville (N.Y.) 17-5 in the opening round. Will we see SWR-Mt. Sinai round two for a county title? The Wildcats will have to avoid the semifinal upset to BBP for a second straight year. Previous: 6

7. Cold Spring Harbor (N.Y.), 14-1

The Seahawks closed out the regular season with a 10-3 win over Plainedge (N.Y.) and now they enter the postseason as the heavy favorite in Nassau Class D, where they’ll face ether Friends Academy (N.Y.) or Oyster Bay (N.Y.) in the championship. Cold Spring Harbor has been powered by a lockdown defense that averages just 4.8 goals against. Standout goaltender Spencer Will and future Ivy League defenders Jesse Phelan (Dartmouth) and Patrick Pisano (Yale) lead the stifling defense. Previous: 7

8. Garden City (N.Y.), 13-2

The Trojans capped the regular season with a comfortable 19-4 win over Roslyn (N.Y.), their seventh straight victory. Jay Ottomanelli had four goals and one assist, Jack Cascadden had three goals, Jack Archer had one goal and four assists and Mike Fargione had one goal and three assists for Garden City, the heavy favorite in Nassau Class B. Next up is eighth-seeded Mepham (N.Y.) in the quarterfinals. Previous: 9

9. Chaminade (N.Y.), 12-5

In his final high school game, Charles Balsamo went beast mode with five goals, Justin McMahon had a pair of goals, Gavin Creo had a goal and an assist and Colm Flynn made 14 saves in a 10-9 overtime loss to St. Anthony’s (N.Y.) in the NSCHSAA Class AAA final. Of the Flyers five losses this season, three came to the Friars — two by one goal — and defeats to Darien (Conn.) and Delbarton (N.J.) were by a combined four goals. Previous: 8

10. Massapequa (N.Y.), 13-1

The Chiefs are the top seed in the Nassau Class A playoffs, but the games among the top four seeds this year have been decided by one goal so very little separates Massapequa from Port Washington (N.Y.), Farmingdale (N.Y.) and Syosset (N.Y.). The Chiefs closed out the regular season with a 19-2 win over Valley Stream (N.Y.). Vin McDermott had four goals and three assists, Will Birney had four goals and one assist, Brendan Cook had three goals and Michael Durnin and Patrick Radomski had two goals and one assist in the win. Previous: 10

—​ Dylan Butler


1. St. John’s College High (D.C.), 19-0

The Cadets earned their first WCAC championship since 2017 with a 15-11 win over Gonzaga (D.C.) on May 9. St. John’s pulled away from a 7-7 tie game at halftime. Ryan Duenkel scored six goals to pace the offense. The win was just the third this season by four goals or fewer and concludes a perfect season for St. John’s, which more than tripled their opponents this season in scoring, 310-98, while playing a competitive schedule. Previous: 1

2. McDonogh (Md.), 13-6

The fifth-seeded Eagles knocked off three straight higher seeded opponents to win the MIAA A Conference championship for the first time since 2016. McDonogh finished off St. Mary’s (Md.) in the title game, 14-8 to avenge one of their regular-season losses. McCabe Millon scored four goals and had two assists while Brendan Millon posted a hat trick and Anthony Wilson made nine saves in front of a strong defensive effort led by Jonny Cool and Malachi Jones. McDonogh reached the finals with an incredibly thrilling 11-10 win over defending champion Boys’ Latin on a goal at the buzzer by Brendan Millon. The Eagles made up a two-goal deficit over the final 6:34. Brendan Millon finished with a hat trick to go along with a pair of assists. Zach Hayashi picked up key wins at the faceoff X to build momentum. Previous: 6

3. St. Mary’s (Md.) 17-3

The Saints battled back from an early 5-0 hole but never overcame the slow start in a 14-8 loss to McDonogh (Md.) in the MIAA A Conference final. Eric Chick had four goals and Will Hopkins had a hat trick. Zack Overend made eight saves. Overend was a key in the 12-9 win over Calvert Hall (Md.) in the semifinals with 11 saves. Jake Adams scored four goals and helped the team reach the championship game. Previous: 4

4. Calvert Hall (Md.), 15-5

The third-seeded Cardinals fell to second-seeded St. Mary’s (Md.) 12-9 in the MIAA A Conference semifinals. Calvert Hall had come on strong over the final weeks of the season but had to rally from a 3-1 first-quarter deficit. They played catch-up for a lot of the game. Three different players netted a pair of goals apiece. Previous: 2

5. Boys’ Latin (Md.), 13-4

The Lakers fell to McDonogh (Md.) in the MIAA A Conference semifinals 11-10 on a last-second goal. It was a heartbreaking ending for the defending champions, who led by a pair of goals with 6:34 left in the game and started the contest by jumping out to a 3-0 lead. Cardin Stoller made 11 saves while four players scored two goals apiece in a balanced attack. Boys’ Latin had earned the top seed for the playoffs. Previous: 3

6. Bullis (Md.) 14-4

The Bulldogs captured their fourth IAC trophy in the last six seasons with an 8-7 win over defending champion Georgetown Prep (Md.) on May 13. Bullis will return to the field May 30 against Salisbury (Conn.) in the fifth annual Geico High School Lacrosse Nationals at Catholic. A win would put them in the championship game May 31 against either Taft (Conn.) or IMG Academy (Fla.). Previous: 5

7. Georgetown Prep (Md.), 14-6

The Hoyas fell to top-seeded Bullis in the IAC final. Georgetown made it far closer than their meeting 10 days earlier when Bullis won by five goals. The Hoyas got two shots off in the final 25 seconds but could not score a tying goal. The Hoyas season is concluded. Previous: 7

8. Malvern Prep (Pa.), 20-3

AJ Nikolic’s goal in overtime gave the Friars their fourth straight Inter-Ac League championship title with an 11-10 win over Haverford (Pa.). Joe Doherty made 15 saves including one to end a man-down situation at the start of overtime. Nikolic finished with a game-high four goals, Ennis Udo had a hat trick and Joseph Sheridan scored twice and assisted on another goal. Malvern handled Penn Charter (Pa.) 16-8 in the semifinals. Doherty made 12 saves and Liam Timmins and Udo had four points on two goals and two assists apiece while Nikolic had a hat trick. Sheridan and Ryan Falkenstein had two goals each. Previous: 8

9. Archbishop Spalding (Md.), 12-5

The fourth-seeded Cavaliers lost to eventual champion McDonogh (Md.) in the MIAA A Conference quarterfinals. Spalding won four of its final six games. Previous: 9

10. Don Bosco (NJ.), 13-1

Don Bosco opened play in the Non-Public, Group A state tournament with a 24-2 win over St. John Vianney (N.J.). Koleton Marquis finished with 13 points on four goals and nine assists. Connor Gorman and Mason Carfello scored five goals apiece. The games will get more challenging with Christian Brothers (N.J.) due up next round. Previous: 10

—​ Justin Feil


1. Dallas Jesuit (Texas), 14-2

The Rangers rallied to defeat Episcopal School of Dallas (Texas) 11-10 in the state title game May 8. Dallas Jesuit defended its 2021 title and earned the fourth crown in program history. Penn State recruit McAllister Hobbs led Dallas Jesuit with 59 goals while goalie Connor Knight had a .628 save percentage. Previous: 1

2. St. Andrew’s (Fla.), 20-3

The Scots earned their second-straight state championship, topping Benjamin (Fla.) 9-7 on May 7. Junior Jack Schulte, an Air Force recruit, led the team with 60 goals and 53 assists. Senior Nick Golubov picked up 118 ground balls and won 63% of draws. Previous: 2

3. St. Thomas Aquinas (Fla.), 16-3

The Raiders avenged their 2019 championship game loss to Ponte Vedra (Fla.) by defeating the Sharks 13-12 to win a state title. Senior Trace McDonald had a team-leading 76 points while head 38 goals. Previous: 3

4. Episcopal School of Dallas (Texas), 20-4

The Eagles gave up a three-goal lead to Dallas Jesuit (Texas), falling in the state championship 11-10 on May 8. ESD’s season was highlighted with multiple wins over Westlake (Texas), Lake Mary (Fla.) and Valor Christian (Colo.). Previous: 4

5. Lovett (Ga.), 23-0

It was a perfect season for the Lions. Lovett went from a losing campaign a year ago to a 23-0 season after defeating Westminster (Ga.) 14-7 on May 14 to claim a state title. William Overly and Mason Ball each scored four times in the championship.  Lovett also beat Starr’s Mill (Ga.) 11-6 en route to the championship game. Previous: 5

6. Middle Creek (N.C.), 21-2

The Mustangs waited nearly the entire state championship to get their leading scorer a goal. With just 10 seconds remaining in regulation, Tate Jones scored the game-winner giving Middle Creek a 9-8 win over Weddington (N.C.) in the state championship. Collin Patrick scored once but added four assists in the state championship win. Earlier in the week, Middle Creek rallied from a halftime deficit to defeat Cardinal Gibbons (N.C.) 10-8 in the semifinal. Patrick scored twice for Middle Creek. Previous: 8

7. Westlake (Texas), 13-4

The Chapperals closed out their season with a heartbreaking 13-12 overtime loss to Episcopal School of Dallas (Texas) in the semifinals. Westlake finished the season 13-2 against in-state competition, with both losses coming against ESD. Westlake will lose several key seniors, including Ethan Burke who is committed to Texas football and Michigan recruit Carter Barksdale. Previous: 6

8. Benjamin (Fla.), 18-4

After starting the season off with a loss to St. Andrew’s (Fla.), the Buccaneers were unable to get revenge against the Scots in the state championship on May 7. Benjamin’s season was highlighted with wins over St. Edward’s (Fla.) and Jupiter (Fla.). Tufts University recruit Jack Regnery led in scoring with 54 tallies while junior Brady Quinn had a team-leading 52 assists. Previous: 7

9. Holly Springs (N.C.), 16-3

The Golden Hawks fell in the round of 16 to Middle Creek (N.C.) 17-7 last week. Holly Springs’ only two in-state losses were against the Mustangs. Holly Springs was led by Wade Watson, who scored 56 goals during the season, but was held to one tally against Middle Creek. Previous: 9

10. Plant (Fla.), 18-3

The Panthers’ season ended in the state semifinals in back-to-back seasons with a 12-10 loss to St. Thomas Aquinas (Fla.). Plant has yet to win a state title. Junior Turner Ashby, an Air Force recruit, had a team-leading 45 goals and 34 assists. Previous: 10

—​ Justin Boggs


1. Culver Academy (Ind.), 19-2

The Eagles were off following their Premier Prep Championship victory over Hill Academy (Ont.). Previous: 1

2. St. Ignatius (Ohio), 13-6

The Wildcats started the postseason with victories over in-state foes Boardman (18-1) and Shaker Heights (19-6). In the latter, junior Nate Zoldesy scored seven goals, senior Luciano Yacovone contributed to seven (with two goals and five assists) and sophomore John Klinge tallied three caused turnovers and three ground balls. Previous: 2

3. Upper Arlington (Ohio), 18-1

Led by big performances from Chris Mazzaferri and Charlie Van Aman, the Golden Bears picked up a pair of emphatic postseason victories over Gahanna Lincoln (Ohio) and Hilliard Darby (Ohio). Upper Arlington yielded just seven combined goals in the two wins. Previous: 3

4. Loyola Academy (Ill.), 15-3

The Ramblers were tested in their regular-season finale by a 15-4 St. Viator (Ill.) squad, prevailing 14-13, but only after going to double overtime. Loyola will begin its postseason journey at home against Chicago Latin (Ill.) before taking on a Glenbrook (North or South) in the sectional semifinals. Previous: 4

5. MICDS (Mo.), 16-1

The Rams advanced to the state semifinals in dominant fashion with a 23-5 victory over Eureka (Mo.), including 20 first-half goals. Mark Mintzlaff notched six goals, three assists and nine groundballs, PJ Behan had five goals and Landon Gelven added four goals, two assists and six groundballs for MICDS, which will face St. Louis University Jesuit (Mo.) in the semifinals. Previous: 5

6. Forest Hills Central (Mich.), 16-0

Mac Boike stepped up big-time for the Rangers, filling in after All-American keeper Crandall Quinn was sidelined due to illness and saving eight of the 14 shots that came his way in a 9-6 win over Detroit Catholic Central (Mich.). John Tomsheck had a hand in eight of FHC's nine goals with five goals and three helpers. Previous: 6

7. Hudson (Ohio), 13-6

The Explorers started their Region 2 run with a pair of dominant wins over Stow-Munroe Falls (Ohio) and Green (Ohio), topping the pair of Bulldogs by a combined score of 49-6. Next up for second-seeded Hudson is a regional semifinal battle with No. 3 Hoover (Ohio), with the Explorers winning their regular-season matchup by five goals in early April. Previous: 7

8. St. Xavier (Ky.), 21-3

Down 4-2 in the state title game to Trinity Louisville (Ky.), the Tigers scored four straight goals, led by a huge performance from sophomore Trevor Havill, who finished with five goals. Ethan Crowe came up clutch in the cage, stepping up for the injured Bryce Moad to limit the Shamrocks to a single goal in the second half of a 13-6 win. Previous: 10

9. Dublin Jerome (Ohio), 16-2

The top seed in Region 1, the Celtics topped their first two opponents, Marysville (Ohio) and Medina (Ohio), by a combined score of 42-5. Should Dublin Jerome beat Avon (Ohio) in the May 24 regional semifinal, it would face Olentangy (Ohio) or Olentangy Liberty (Ohio), which square off in the other regional semifinal. Previous: 9

8. East Grand Rapids (Mich.) 14-3

The Pioneers capped their regular season with a big-time 12-11 overtime victory at Brother Rice (Mich.). That marked another step in a major turnaround for EGR, which has won 13 of 14 since a 1-2 start. Previous: NR

—​ Jonah Rosenblum


1. Corona del Mar (Calif.), 19-3

The Sea Kings avenged two of their three regular-season losses in the CIF Southern Section Division 1 final four to claim their first championship. After taking out top-ranked Mater Dei (Calif.), 9-5, in the semifinals, CdM used a five-goal fourth quarter offensive burst to down Foothill-Santa Ana (Calif.) 10-4 in the final. Previous: 1

2. Mater Dei (Calif.), 17-4

The Monarchs’ season ended in the CIF Southern Section semifinals for a second straight year. They lost 9-5 to eventual champion Corona del Mar (Calif.), despite junior Lucas de la Paz winning 14 of 16 faceoff and senior goalie Nick Colignon registering 10 saves. Mater Dei had beaten CdM during the regular season and also had a victory over runner-up Foothill-Santa Ana (Calif.). Previous: 2

3. Foothill-Santa Ana (Calif.), 19-5

Foothill fell in the CIF Southern Section Division I championship game for a second straight year, unable to repeat a narrow regular-season victory against Corona del Mar (Calif.). The Knights had advanced to the final with a 10-8 win over St. Margaret’s Episcopal (Calif.) in the semifinals. Previous: 3

4. St. Margaret’s Episcopal (Calif.), 19-2

The Tartans won 20 of 22 faceoffs in their CIF Southern Section semifinal but couldn’t finish enough opportunities in the attack and fell 10-8 to Foothill-Santa Ana (Calif.). The Tartans’ lone regular-season loss was an overtime defeat against fellow semifinalist Mater Dei. Previous: 5

5. Regis Jesuit (Colo.), 14-2

The Raiders are back in the CHSAA Class 5A semifinals after beating Kent Denver (Colo.) 11-9 in the quarterfinals. Logan White scored five goals, Fletcher Sullivan finished with four goals, one assist, five ground balls and nine faceoff wins out of 11 attempts. Regis was scheduled to play Mountain Vista (Colo.) on May 23. Previous: 6

6. Corner Canyon (Utah), 15-1

Jon King totaled 10 points and Mason Quick added nine as the Chargers rolled into the UHSAA Class 6A semifinals with a 22-6 win over Westlake (Utah) on May 21. King tallied six goals and four assists, and Quick had six goals and three assists. Corner Canyon had opened the tournament with a 22-3 win over Pleasant Grove (Utah). The Chargers now are set to face Weber (Utah) in the semifinals May 25. Previous: 4

7. Torrey Pines (Calif.), 14-7

Sophomore Blake Washburn scored the game winner in double overtime to lift the Falcons to a 12-11 win over La Costa Canyon (Calif.) in the CIF San Diego Section Open Division semifinals last week. They then went on to complete their title defense, beating Bishops School (Calif.) 10-5 in the final May 21 to repeat as San Diego Open champions. Torrey Pines, which had a notable win over St. Ignatius Prep (Calif.), got a stellar game from goalie Andrew Cook, who made 18 saves, and Chandler Caster won 13 of 16 faceoffs. John Prior and James Duncan each tallied two goals, and Washburn had one goal and three assists to follow his hat trick in the semifinals. Tayden Bultman led all scorers against LCC with six goals. Previous: 7

8. St. Ignatius Prep (Calif.), 18-4

The top-seeded Wildcats won their first CIF Central Coast Section title with a 19-13 win over Sacred Heart Prep (Calif.) in the final May 21. Jack Porter and Matt Higgins combined for 10 goals, Charlie Pyfer was solid on faceoffs and Chase Morgan preserved the win with a strong performance in goal. St. Ignatius beat Menlo-Atherton (Calif.) 20-8 in the semifinals. Previous: 8

9. Brophy Prep (Ariz.), 21-2

The Broncos claimed the Arizona state title with an 11-8 win over Desert Vista (Ariz.), as they went unbeaten against in-state competition. Their lone losses were against Mater Dei (Calif.) by one and Palo Verde (Nevada) in overtime. Previous: 9

10. Arapahoe (Colo.), 12-5

The Warriors got off to a slow start this season but were on a six-game winning streak going into the Class 5A semifinals May 23. That stretch includes beginning May with wins over Regis Jesuit (Colo.) and Mountain Vista (Colo.), and they beat Valor Christian (Colo.) 6-3 in the quarterfinals last week. Jack Paulsen had a hat trick against Valor (Colo.) and Ian Thompson made 11 saves to preserve the win. Previous: NR

—​ Laurel Pfahler


Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont

Mid-Atlantic: Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Washington D.C., West Virginia

South: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas

Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin

West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming